Hip hop music , also known as rap music ,  is a genre of popular music developed in the United States by inner-city African Americans and Latino Americans  in the Bronx borough of New York City in the s. It consists of a stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rapping , a rhythmic and rhyming speech that is chanted. While often used to refer solely to rapping, "hip hop" more properly denotes the practice of the entire subculture.
Origins and the old school
There are various explanations for the source of the term hip-hop. While a number of people were influential in the creation of hip-hop, much credit is given to Kool Herc Clive Campbell , a Jamaican immigrant who was the first major hip-hop disc jockey. At a Bronx party on August 11, , he introduced the technique of playing the same album on two turntables and extending the drum section which became known as the breakbeat. Many recognize this night as the birth of hip-hop. Other pioneering hip-hop deejays include Afrika Bambaataa and Grandmaster Flash. Within weeks of its release, it became a chart-topping phenomenon and gave its name to a new genre of pop music. Part of its crossover appeal was attributed to its lighthearted lyrics, which were atypical of most rap songs at the time. Hip-hop originated in the predominantly African American economically depressed South Bronx section of New York City in the late s.
The origin of the name is often disputed. It is also argued as to whether hip hop started in the South or West Bronx. The Bronx hip hop scene emerged in the mids from neighborhood block parties thrown by the Black Spades , an African-American group that has been described as being a gang , a club, and a music group. Brother-sister duo Clive Campbell, a. Even as the movement continues to expand globally and explore myriad styles and art forms, including hip hop theater and hip hop film, the four foundational elements provide coherence and a strong foundation for hip hop culture. Sampling older culture and reusing it in a new context or a new format is called "flipping" in hip hop culture. In the s, with the rise of new media platforms such as the Internet and music streaming services, fans discovered and downloaded or streamed hip hop music through social networking sites beginning with Myspace , as well as from websites like YouTube , Worldstarhiphop , SoundCloud , and Spotify. Cowboy later worked the "hip hop" cadence into his stage performance.
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